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Finland/Sweden


Focus area activities: Asphalt

Focus Area

Description

Objectives

Results

Asphalt

Three tests on pavement structures with gradually increasing strength.
SE01 = thin AC-layer on unbound base.
SE02 = SE01 + unbound sub base.
SE06 = SE02 + bit.bound base.

•  Learn more about HVS-testing (SE01 was the first test in Sweden).

•  References to coming tests.

•  Effect of increasing strength (structural design)

•  Effect of moisture content

•  Pavement response studies

•  Etc.

•  A good relationship was found between surface deflection(FWD) and rut depth propagation

•  Large effect of wet condition in subgrade

•  Minor effect of increasing wheel load (SE01)

Reports for Focus area: Asphalt

Title

Report No.

Authors

Date of issue

Accelerated load testing of pavements, HVS-Nordic tests in Sweden 1999

VTI Rapport 477A

L G Wiman

2001

Accelerated load testing of pavements, HVS-Nordic tests at VTI, Sweden, 2003-2004

In preparation

L G Wiman

(2005)

Overview of HVS tests in Finland and Sweden 1997-2009

Test

Start, yy/mm, duration

Total number of loadings (10 3 )

Description

Reference

FIN01

97/

1,710

Base course test with low quality base

Finnra report 30/2001 Matti Huhtala, Jari Pihlajamäki and Janne Sikiö

FIN02

97/

170

Base course test with high quality base

FIN03

97/

1,400

Loading mode test, single wheel, bi-directional

FIN04

97/

318

Loading mode test, single wheel, uni-directional

FIN05

97/

Not started

Loading mode test, dual wheel, bi-directional

FIN06

98/04

1 month

4.9

Thawing test, frost-susceptible subgrade

Finnra report 31/2000 Heikki Kangas, Heikki Onninen and Seppo Saarelainen

FIN07

98/05

1 month

8.1

Thawing test, frost-susceptible subgrade

FIN08

98/05

1 month

6.5

Thawing test, frost-susceptible subgrade, steel grid in base course

FIN09

98/06

2 months

130

Heavy traffic road, traditional structure

Finnra reports 29/2001 Jari Pihlajamäki and Janne Sikiö

FIN10

98/08

2 months

 

500

Heavy traffic road, high resistance to fatigue structure

SE01

98/12
6 months

2,296

The first test in a series of three with gradually increasing bearing capacity.
SE01, SE02, SE06

Accelerated load testing of pavements

VTI Report 477A
Leif G Wiman , 2001

SE02

99/06
2 months

1,135

The second test in a series of three with gradually increasing bearing capacity.
SE01, SE02, SE06

SE03

99/09
2 months

800

Maintenance treatment on SE01.
”Milling and filling”.

SE04

99/12
1 month

165

Maintenance treatment on SE02.
”Milling and filling”.

IS02

00/03
1 month

480

Surface treatment (double) on unbound base and sub-base material from Iceland

HVS-testing of Icelandic low volume road structures

Thorir Ingason

Leif G. Wiman

Hreinn Haraldsson
ISAP 2002, Danmark

IS03

00/04
1 month

475

Surface treatment (double) and bituminous base layer on unbound base and sub-base material from Iceland .

RX01

00/06
0.1 month

39

Flow rutting test. Effect of steel mesh on pavement deformation at high AC-layer temperature

REFLEX Final Report T4:02
Full Scale Accelerated Tests
Jari Philajamäki, Leif G Wiman , Kent Gustafson
EU Brite/Euram III RTD Programme, 2002

 

RX02

00/08
3 months

852

Bearing capacity test. Effect of steel mesh in bituminous base on bearing capacity at ”normal” temperature ( 10 °C )

FIN11

(Reflex03)

01/

1 month

111

Bearing capacity test. Effect of steel grid #75/75 in crushed rock at ”normal” temperature ( 10 °C )

FIN12

(Reflex03)

01/

1 month

111

Bearing capacity test. Effect of steel grid #150/150 in crushed rock at ”normal” temperature ( 10 °C )

FIN13

(Reflex03)

01/

1 month

68.8

Bearing capacity test. Un-reinforced reference structure

FIN14

01/

1 month

23.1

EPS-structure. Effect of lightweight material

Jukka Elomaa, Helsinki University of Technology, Master`s thesis, 2002

FIN15

01/

1 month

23.1

EPS-structure. Effect of lightweight material + steel grid in crushed rock

FIN16 +

FIN17

01/08

0.5 month

16.1

Sloped structure (reference structure no slope)

Finnra report 19/2003 L. Korkiala-Tanttu, P. Jauhiainen, P. Halonen, R. Laaksonen, M. Juvankoski, H. Kangas and J. Sikiö

FIN18

01/09

0.5 month

17.9

Sloped structure slope 1:3

FIN19 + FIN 20

01/11

0.5 month

17.9

Sloped structure slope 1:1.5

FIN21

02/03

0.5 month

70

Low-volume road, high level of ground water, load 70 kN

Finnra report 22/2003, L. Korkiala-Tanttu, R. Laaksonen and J. Törnqvist

FIN22

02/02

0.5 month

70

Low-volume road, high level of ground water, load 50 kN

FIN23

02/04

0.5 month

70

Low-volume road, lower level of ground water, load 70 kN

PL01/02

02/07
2 months

1,200

Verification of an alternative semi-rigid pavement structure and comparison with Polish standard design.

Verification of Pavement Structure Design on A2 Toll Motorway in Poland

using Heavy Vehicle Simulator (HVS NORDIC)

Ao. Univ. Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Ronald BLAB

o. Univ. Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Johann LITZKA

Dipl.-Ing. Peter GIRKINGER

STRASSENBAU DER TECHN. UNIVERSITÄT WIEN

FIN24

02/10

0.5 month

39

Steep reinforced slope rehabilitated structure, reference structure without reinforcement

Finnra report 38/2003, L. Korkiala-Tanttu and R. Laaksonen

FIN25

02/10

0.5 month

39

Steep reinforced slope rehabilitated structure, steel grid B500H - 5/6 - 200/150

FIN26

02/11

0.5 month

39

Steep reinforced slope rehabilitated structure, steel grid B500H - 5/8 - 200/150

FIN27

02/11

0.5 month

39

Steep reinforced slope rehabilitated structure, fibreglass grid

FIN28

02/11

0.5 month

39

Steep reinforced slope rehabilitated structure, steel grid B500H - 5/6 - 200/150

FIN29

02/11

0.5 month

39

Steep reinforced slope rehabilitated structure, reference structure without reinforcement

SE05

03/01
2 months

613

Unbound base layer study. Crushed rock material compared to natural gravel

Accelerated load testing of pavements

VTI Report 544A
Leif G Wiman , 2006

SE0 6

03/04 and 04/03
4 months

1,000

The third test in a series of three tests with gradually increasing bearing capacity.
SE01, SE02, SE06

SE07A

03/06
1 month

400

Different Mica content in unbound base layers. 4 tests at a construction site in the west of Sweden (E6 Uddevalla).

Provväg E6, glimmerrika bärlager och vägkonstruktioner med lättklinker. Provsträckor och mätresultat.
Vägverket Publ. 2004:84

SE07B

03/08
1 month

366

Different base layer thickness on light fill material. 4 tests at a construction site in the west of Sweden (E6 Uddevalla).

SE08

03/09 and 03/12
3 months

800

Different particle size distribution in crushed rock material in sub-base. Test sections at a construction site in the south of Sweden (E4 Markaryd).

DK01

03/11
1 month

388

Semi-rigid pavement design tests. Different quality of the cement bound base layers. Danish test sections at a construction site in the south of Sweden (E4 Markaryd).

Mechanistic Design of Semi-Rigid Pavements - An Incremental Approach
Road Directorate, DRI Report 138, 2004
www.vejdirektoratet.dk

SE09

04/12
3 month

574

Thick ( 220 mm ) AC-layer stability test. With and without modified binder in the intermediate layer ( 90 mm )

Report in preparation
(in Swedish)

SE10

05/05
3.5 month

1137

Swedish reference structure for medium traffic volume

Report in preparation
(in Swedish)

European project SPENS

08/04
2 month

994

Upgrading treatment for low volume roads and High Modulus Asphalt structure

Report in preparation

SE11

09/01
4 month

1137

Repetition of test SE10

Report in preparation
(in Swedish)